On this day …


  • In 1797, the Bank of England issued the first one- and two-pound banknotes.
  • In 1807, the U.S. Congress passed the Act Prohibiting Importation of Slaves.
  • In 1855, Alexander II became czar of Russia.
  • In 1877, just two days before the scheduled inauguration, the U.S. Congress declared Rutherford B. Hayes the winner of the 1876 presidential election.
  • In 1901, Carnegie Steel and Federal Steel merged to become U.S. Steel.
  • In 1917, the Jones-Shafroth Act granted Puerto Ricans U.S. citizenship.
  • In 1939, Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli was elected as Pope Pius XII.
  • In 1983, compact discs and players went on sale for the first time in the United States.