On this day …


  • In 1775, Patrick Henry delivered the memorable line, “Give me liberty or give me death!” in Richmond, Va.
  • In 1857, the first Otis elevator was installed at 488 Broadway in New York City.
  • In 1868, the University of California was founded.
  • In 1919, Benito Mussolini founded his Fascist political movement in Milan, Italy.
  • In 1956, Pakistan became the first Islamic republic in the world.
  • In 1994, Mexican presidential candidate Luis Donaldo Colosio was assassinated in Tijuana.