On this day …


  • In 1815, Mount Tambora began a three-month eruption that affected Earth’s climate for the next two years.
  • In 1866, the ASPCA was founded in New York City by Henry Bergh.
  • In 1887, Pope Leo XIII authorized the establishment of the Catholic University of America.
  • In 1916, the PGA of America was founded in New York City.
  • In 1925, F. Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby was first published.
  • In 1970, Paul McCartney announced he was leaving The Beatles, leading to the breakup of the band.